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Continental Extremes

The continent with the largest land area is Asia.

The coldest recorded temperature was on the continent of Antarctica (Vostok in July, 1983).

The hottest recorded temperature was on the continent of Africa (Libya in September, 1922).

The highest point on Earth, Mt. Everest is in Asia (on the border of Tibet and Nepal). Mt. Everest is 29,028 ft. (8,848 m) tall.

The lowest point on Earth is on Antarctica. It is covered covered with ice and is 8,327 ft (2,538 m) below sea level.

The Highest Point on Each Continent in Order:
Continent Highest Point (in feet and meters)
Asia Mt. Everest, Tibet/Nepal, 29,028 ft (8,848 m)
Africa Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, 19,340 ft (5,895 m)
North America Mt. McKinley, Alaska, 20,320 ft (6,194 m)
South America Mt. Aconcagua, Argentina, 22,834 ft (6,960 m)
Antarctica Vinson Massif, Ellsworth Mts.,16,066 ft (4,897 m)
Europe Elbrus, Russia/Georgia,18,510 ft (5,642 m)
Australia Kosciusko, Australia, 7,316 ft (2,228 m)

The Lowest Point on Each Continent in Order :
Continent Lowest Point (in feet and meters below sea level)
Antarctica 8327 ft below sea level (2,538 m bsl)
Asia Dead Sea, 1341 ft below sea level (409 m bsl)
Africa Lake Assal, Africa, 512 ft below sea level (156 m bsl)
North America Death Valley, 282 ft below sea level (86 m bsl)
South America Valdes Peninsula, 131 ft below sea level (40 m bsl)
Europe Caspian Sea, 92 ft below sea level (28 m bsl)
Australia Lake Eyre, Australia, 52 ft below sea level (16 m bsl)

The Population of Each Continent (as of 2011), Highest First:
Continent Population
Asia 3,674,000,000 people
Africa 778,000,000 people
Europe 342,000,000 people
North America 483,000,000 people
South America 342,000,000 people
Australia and Oceania 31,000,000 people
Antarctica 0 people

The Area of Each Continent, Highest First:
Continent Population
Asia 17,212,000 sq. km
Africa 11,608,000 sq. km
North America 9,365,000 sq. km
South America 6,880,000 sq. km
Antarctica 5,100,000 sq. km
Europe 3,837,000 sq. km
Australia and Oceania 2,968,000 sq. km

The Number of Countries on Each Continent:
Continent Number of Countries
Africa 54 countries
Asia 47 countries
Europe 43 countries
North America 23 countries
Australia and Oceania 14 countries
South America 12 countries
Antarctica 0 countries


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