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All About Birds EnchantedLearning.com
Peafowl (Peacock and Peahen)
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Peafowl (Pave cristatus) are beautiful birds that are native to India and Sri Lanka. The male peafowl is called a peacock; the female peafowl is called a peahen. In the wild, they live in deciduous tropical rainforests. These magnificent birds do not migrate. A group of peafowl is called a muster or an ostentation.

Anatomy: The male peafowl (called the peacock) is about 84 inches (2.1 m) long. The female (called the peahen) is about 34 inches (0.85 m) long. Both have a fan-shaped crest on the head. The peacock has a long, brilliantly-colored train of feathers that grow from its shimmering blue back. He can raise the train of feathers, forming a stunning display. The peahen does not have a train; her plumage is brown, white, and black.

Diet: Peafowl eat seeds, fruit, other plant material, and some small animals (like mice and insects).

Nest and Eggs: Peafowl build shallow nests made of sticks, leaves, and grass. Nests are usually located in the undergrowth of the rainforest.



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