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Elasmotherium
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(pronounced ee-LAZ-mo-THEER-ee-um) Elasmotherium (meaning "plate monster") was an ancient plant-eating mammal that lived during the Pleistocene epoch.

Anatomy: Elasmotherium was a heavily-built quadruped that walked on four short, stocky hoofed legs. It had a huge horn on its forehead; the horn may have been up to 6.5 ft (2 m) long (fossils of the horn have not been found). Elasmotherium was bigger than an elephant; it was 16-26 ft (5-8 m) long and it weighed roughly 3.5 to 4.5 tons (3-4 tonnes). The teeth were tall-crowned and were covered with cement and wrinkled enamel.

Diet: Elasmotherium was an herbivore, a plant-eater. It grazed on grasses.

Fossils: Fossils have been found in Europe and Asia; this giant lived and grazed on the Eurasian (Europe and Asia) steppes (grasslands).

Classification: Kingdom Animalia (animals), Class Mammalia (mammals), Subclass Theria, Infraclass Eutheria (placental mammals), Order Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates), Suborder Ceratomorpha (tapirs, rhinos), Family Rhinocerotidae (Elasmotherium, Teleoceras, Trigonias, Coelodonta), Genus Elasmotherium. Elasmotherium was named by Johannes Fridericus Brandt in 1878.



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