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The woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta) was a large Ice Age mammal, now extinct. It was widespread throughout the tundra of northern Eurasia during the Pleistocene epoch, about 1.8 million years ago until about 10,000 years ago (the end of the last Ice Age). It was well adapted to the cold; it had thick, shaggy fur, small ears, short legs, and a massive body (all to lessen heat loss). Fossils of this early rhino have been found, in addition to well-preserved corpses, which were found in frozen gravel in Siberia. Stone Age humans hunted woolly rhinos; they drew pictures of the rhinos on cave walls 30,000 years ago, giving us even more information about these large mammals.
Diet: The woolly rhino was an herbivore (a plant-eater).
Anatomy: Coelodonta had long, gray-brown, shaggy fur and two large horns (made of matted hair). The larger horn, at the tip of the snout, grew to be up to 3 feet (1 m) long in mature males. The woolly rhino was about 11 feet (3.5 m) long.
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