The warthog (Phacocoerus aethiopicus) is a peaceful but fierce-looking wild hog. It lives in savannas and sparse forests in Africa.
Warthogs can run up to 30 mph (48 kph). Instead of fighting an enemy, warthogs will generally run away and often hide in an abandoned aardvark den. The young warthogs enter the den first; the adult will then enter backwards, protecting itself and the young using its tusks. Females also use old aardvark dens to nest in and raise their young.
Names: The adult female is called a sow. The adult male is called a boar. A baby is called a piglet. Warthogs travel in small groups (called sounders) of a few females and their young; males are solitary.
Anatomy: The warthog has a long, shovel-shaped head with four sharp, short tusks coming out from the sides of the snout. These tusks are up to 2 feet (60 cm) long. They also have large canine teeth. The male warthog has two or three pairs of large wart-like bumps on its head, giving this species is name. Warthogs are about 30 inches (76 cm) tall at the shoulder. The body is about 3 to 4 feet (0.9-1.2 m) long. It has large ears, small eyes, and a tufted tail. Young warthogs have reddish hair. Adults have sparse hair and wrinkled, gray skin. Warthogs have a mane of longer hair running halfway down the back.
Senses: Warthogs have a keen sense of smell, which they use to find food. Their eyesight is poor.
Diet: Warthogs are omnivores (eating plants and meat). They eat grasses, roots, bark, berries, and carrion (dead animals that they find).