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New Mexico Facts, Map and Symbols EnchantedLearning.com
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New Mexico flag

The official state flag of New Mexico was chosen from a flag competition in 1920 (the competition was held to replace an older New Mexico flag). The winner was Dr. Harry Mera, a doctor and archeologist from Santa Fe, New Mexico. Dr. Mera's design is an interpretation of an ancient Sun symbol called a Zia (this symbol was found on a water jar made in the late 1800's in Zia Pueblo). Since four is a sacred number for the Zia, there are four rays coming from each side of the stylized Sun. The colors red and yellow are used because they were the colors of the flag of the Spanish conquistadors who went to New Mexico in the early 1500's.

New Mexico was the 47th state in the USA; it was admitted in 1912.

Questions:
1. What is the name of the ancient sun symbol used by Native Americans (in New Mexico) and in the New Mexican flag? ___________________________

2. In what year was New Mexico's flag chosen? ____________________

3. What were the colors on the Spanish conquistador's flag? ________________________ and ________________________



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