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Iraq flag
Iraq's Flag

More Geography

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All About Iraq
Iraq map
Map/Quiz Printout

Location: Iraq (officially called the Republic of Iraq) is a country in southwestern Asia (in the Middle East). Iraq is bordered by Turkey, Iran, the Persian Gulf, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Syria.

Area near Iraq

Capital: Baghdad is the capital of Iraq.

Size: Iraq covers about 438,317 square kilometers (a bit over twice the size of Idaho). Iraq is the 88th largest country in the world.

Population: The people of Iraq are called Iraqis. Iraq has the 39th largest population of any country in the world. The population of Iraq is about 30,399,572 (as of July, 2010).

Government: Iraq is a parliamentary democracy that is divided into 18 governorates. A national holiday is Republic Day, which is celebrated on July 14 (a new official holiday may be coming).

Language: Arabic is the official language. Other languages include Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian.

Education: Girls in Iraq go to school for an average of 8 years; boys go for an average of 11 years.

Literacy Rate: About 74.1% (almost three-quarters) of the adults in Iraq can read and write. About 84.1% of the men and 64.2% of the women are literate.

Official Religion: Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2%.

Iraqi flagIraq's Flag: The Iraqi flag is a tricolor with three equal horizontal stripes with red on the top, white in the middle, and black on the bottom. In the center of the white stripe is the words "ALLAH AKBAR" (God is Great) in written in green Arabic script. The color green symbolizes Islam, white represents a bright future, red stands for bloody struggle, and black represents oppression. This new Iraqi flag was adopted on Jan. 22, 2008.

Climate: Iraq's climate is generally dry. Mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq.

Major Rivers: The Tigris and the Euphrates flow through Iraq before they empty into the Persian Gulf.

Terrain: Mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in the south with large flooded areas; mountains along the borders with Iran and Turkey.

Highest Point: The highest point in Iraq is probably Gundah Zhur 3,607 m, located in northern Iraq near the Iranian border.

Lowest Point: The lowest point in Iraq is the Persian Gulf, at sea level (in southeastern Iraq).

Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur

Major Industries: Petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing.

Agricultural Products: Wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; cattle, sheep, poultry.

Related Activities and Printouts:


Iraq: Outline Map Printout

Go to an outline map of Iraq to print.


Iraq: Map Quiz Worksheets

Go to printable map quiz activities that require research (using an atlas or other geography reference): a simple map research activity, a medium-level map research activity, or an advanced map research activity.
Iraq Flag
Flag of Iraq to Color

Color a blackline master (printout) of the flag of Iraq.
Follow the Instructions

Iraq: Follow the Instructions

Color Iraq according to simple directions, such as, "Color Iraq yellow." Or go to the answers.
Iraq

Iraq: Map Quiz Worksheet

A printable quiz on the major geographic features of Iraq. The student reads a map to answer 10 geography questions. Or go to the answers.


Asia: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of Asia to print.
Asian map to label
Asia: Label Me! Printout

Label the map of Asia.
Answers


Middle East Geography

Pages on the geography of the Mideast.
Mideastern map to label

Middle East Map: Label Me! Printout

Label a map of the Middle East.
Answers
Middle East

Middle East: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of the Middle East to print.

Reference:
CIA World Factbook


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