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John Adams (1735 - 1826) was the second President of the United States of America. He was President from 1797 until 1801. His Vice-President was Thomas Jefferson. Adams belonged to the Federalist Party.
John Adams was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, on October 30, 1735. His father was a farmer. Adams graduated from Harvard University in 1755, and went on to become a lawyer in Boston. He married Abigail Smith in 1764, and they eventually had five children.
Adams was a delegate to both the First and Second Continental Congresses, and helped draft the Declaration of Independence. After the Revolution, in 1783, Adams went to France to sign the Treaty of Paris, and became the first US ambassador to Great Britain from 1785 to 1788 (this was a very difficult position, since the British were not pleased with the outcome of the war).
In 1789, Adams was elected the first Vice-President of the US, serving two terms under President George Washington.
He was Vice President until 1797, when he was elected President, beating Thomas Jefferson by three electoral votes; Jefferson became his Vice-President. John Adams was the first President to live in the White House; his family moved there in 1800.
Adams' term as President (1797 until 1801) was often controversial and unpopular; he limited free speech rights, curtailed the freedom of the press, and made it diffficult to become a citizen of the USA. Adams' political party, the Federalist Party, soon disappeared.
Although Adams and Jefferson had been political foes earlier in life, they exchanged hundreds of letters after Adams retired to his farm in Massachusetts. On March 4, 1826, Adams' son John Quincy Adams became the sixth President of the US.
Adams died on July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson had died earlier that same day. They were the only two signers of the Declaration of Independence that were elected President of the USA.
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