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Venus:
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crushed
second
iron
morning
heat
gravity
cloud
hottest
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Sun

Venus is the second planet from the Sun in our Solar System. It is the hottest planet in our Solar System. This planet is covered with fast-moving sulphuric acid clouds which trap heat from the Sun. Its thick atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide. Its cloud cover traps the heat of the sun (the greenhouse effect), giving Venus temperatures up to 480°C. Venus is a planet on which a person would asphyxiate in the poisonous atmosphere, be cooked in the extremely high heat, and be crushed by the enormous atmospheric pressure. Venus was named after the Roman goddess of love.

Venus has an iron core but only a very weak magnetic field. It has no moons. Venus is about 7,521 miles (12,104 km) in diameter; this is about 95% of the diameter of the Earth. Venus is the closest to Earth in size and mass of any of the other planets in our Solar System. Venus' mass is about 4.87 x 1024 kg. The gravity on Venus is 91% of the gravity on Earth. A 100-pound person would weigh 91 pounds on Venus.

Venus is also known as the "morning star" or the "evening star" since it is visible and quite bright at either dawn or dusk. It is only visible at dawn or dusk since it is closer to the Sun than we are. Like the moon, Venus' appearance from Earth changes as it orbits around the Sun. It goes from full to gibbous to crescent to new and back.

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