Advertisement.

EnchantedLearning.com is a user-supported site.
As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages.
Click here to learn more.

ad
(Already a member? Click here.)

T. rex skull ZoomDinosaurs.com
Dinosaur
News
Majungatholus Found in Madagascar
This skull may change the late-Cretaceous map

May 20, 1998

Several fossils belonging to the dinosaur Majungatholus, including an almost complete skull, were found recently on the island of Madagascar, off the east coast of Africa. The fossils date from 70 to 65 million years ago, during the late Cretaceous period, right before the huge K-T extinction in which the remaining dinosaurs went extinct.

Majungatholus atopus was a meat-eating dinosaur, a theropod. It was up to 30 feet (9.1 m) long and was at the top of the food chain in its locale. It probably ate sauropods, long-necked plant-eaters and other large dinosaurs. The name Majungatholus is derived from "Majunga," a district of Madagascar and "tholus," which means dome in Latin.

Majungatholus belongs to the group of dinosaurs called abelisaurids, which until now were only found in India and South America. It is especially similar to the horned dinosaur Carnotaurus, which is found in in Argentina. Finding this Majungatholus in Madagascar, far from its relatives in India and South America, has implications for plate tectonics. In particular, the continent of Gondwanaland may have had a connecting land-bridge from South America through Antarctica to India-Madagascar for longer than believed, allowing animals like Majungatholus to slowly migrate to new, far flung habitats.
Laurasia (north) and Gondwanaland (south) 65 million years ago. There may have been a land-bridge across South America through Antarctica to India-Madagascar.

Until this discovery, it had been thought that Majungatholus (then only known from a skull fragment) was a pachycephalosaurid (a thick-skulled, plant-eating dinosaur) very similar to Yaverlandia bitholus, the oldest-known pachycephalosaurid which has been found in Britain.

The team in Madagascar was led by paleontologist/anatomist Scott Sampson from the New York College of Osteopathic Medicine at the New York Institute of Technology.

RELATED LINKS
Other fossils found in Madagascar and all of Africa.

Fossils found in South America.

Fossils found in India.

Information on the theory of plate tectonics.

Chart of geological time.





Enchanted Learning®
Over 35,000 Web Pages
Sample Pages for Prospective Subscribers, or click below

Overview of Site
What's New
Enchanted Learning Home
Monthly Activity Calendar
Books to Print
Site Index

K-3
Crafts
K-3 Themes
Little Explorers
Picture dictionary
PreK/K Activities
Rebus Rhymes
Stories
Writing
Cloze Activities
Essay Topics
Newspaper
Writing Activities
Parts of Speech

Fiction
The Test of Time
iPhone app
TapQuiz Maps - free iPhone Geography Game

Biology
Animal Printouts
Biology Label Printouts
Biomes
Birds
Butterflies
Dinosaurs
Food Chain
Human Anatomy
Mammals
Plants
Rainforests
Sharks
Whales
Physical Sciences: K-12
Astronomy
The Earth
Geology
Hurricanes
Landforms
Oceans
Tsunami
Volcano
Languages
Dutch
French
German
Italian
Japanese (Romaji)
Portuguese
Spanish
Swedish
Geography/History
Explorers
Flags
Geography
Inventors
US History

Other Topics
Art and Artists
Calendars
College Finder
Crafts
Graphic Organizers
Label Me! Printouts
Math
Music
Word Wheels

Click to read our Privacy Policy

E-mail


Enchanted Learning Search

Search the Enchanted Learning website for:



Advertisement.



Advertisement.



Advertisement.



Copyright ©1996 EnchantedLearning.com ------ How to cite a web page