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Proboscidean Mammals
Order Proboscidea
Proboscidea is an order of mammals that includes the elephants and their extinct relatives. Modern-day proboscideans have a long, muscular trunk (although early Proboscideans lacked a long trunk), long tusks, and thick, column-like legs. The proboscideans (also called proboscids) evolved during the Paleocene Epoch, roughly 66.4 to 57.8 million years ago. The African elephant is the largest land animal in the world today.

The word Proboscidea comes from the word proboscis, which means "nose."

Modern-day Proboscidea is represented by one family, the family Elephantidae. There are two living members of the family Elephantidae (elephants), the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) and the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana). Some extinct proboscideans include the woolly mammoth and the mastodon.

Classification of Proboscidea:


A Sampling of Proboscideans:


African Elephant

The African Elephant is the largest land animal.


Asian Elephant

The Asian Elephant is an endangered species.


Elephants

A comparison of the two living species of elephants, the Indian Elephant and the African Elephant.


Mastodon

Mastodons were shaggy, tusked herbivores that lived during the last Ice Age.


Woolly Mammoth

The Woolly Mammoth is an extinct elephant that lived during the Ice Ages.


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