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All About Mammals
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The Caribou is a medium-sized member of the deer family that is closely related to the reindeer. The genus and species of the Caribou are Rangifer tarandus.

This deer is found in Canadian tundra, forests, and mountains. Many subspecies of caribou migrate in huge herds across the tundra, traveling over 800 miles (1290 km) each year. Caribou have a life span of about 15 years in the wild.

Anatomy: The Caribou is about 4 feet (1.2 m) tall at the shoulder and is about 6 feet (1.8 m) long. Unlike most other types of deer, both bulls (males) and cows (females) have antlers. The antlers are shed each year and regrow. The Caribou have very wide hooves and a broad muzzle.

Behavior: The Caribou is an herbivore (a plant-eater) who spends most of the day eating grass, leaves, and other plant material.

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