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ZoomSchool Australia
Australia Flag
Australia
Geography, States and Territories, Population, etc.
Label Me! Printout on Australia

Australia map Australia, nicknamed the "Land Down Under,", is a country, an island and a continent. It is the world's smallest continent and the sixth-largest country. It is located in the Southern Hemisphere, between the Indian Ocean and the Southern Pacific Ocean.. This continent-country-island has an area of 2,966,368 square miles (7,682,300 square kilometers).

Capital of Australia: Canberra

Population: Australia has a population about 20 million people. Most of Australia's population lives on the fertile plains of the eastern and southeastern coasts. The interior of Australia (called the Outback) is dry with many deserts.

Government and Economy: The Commonwealth of Australia is a democracy (leaders are elected by the adult population) but it recognizes the monarch of Great Britain as sovereign (the Queen of England has the title "Chief of State" and performs ceremonial duties). Australia has a strong, modern economy. Its monetary unit is the Australian dollar.

Largest Cities: Sydney is the largest city in Australia; it has over 3,935,000 people. Other large cities include Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, and Newcastle.



The Great Barrier Reef:Off the eastern coast of Queensland is the Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef on Earth. This warm, clear, shallow ocean habitat is over 1,000 miles long, and is home to many animals and plants, including corals, sea anemones, sea stars, fish (including sharks), sea slugs, giant clams, seaweed, and many other organisms.

The Tallest Mountain: Australia's tallest peak is Mount Kosciuszko, which is 7,310 feet (2,228 m) tall. Mount Kosciuszko is located in southeastern Australia, near Canberra, in the Great Dividing Range.

The Lowest Point: Lake Eyre is Australia's lowest point. It is 53 feet (16 m) below sea level. Lake Eyre is located in South Australia.

The Largest Body of Water: Lake Eyre is Australia's largest body of water - it is a salt water lake that covers over 3,430 square miles (8,884-9,500 square kilometes), although it is generally dry. Lake Eyre is located in South Australia.

The Longest River: Australia's longest river is the Murray-Darling River, in New South Wales, which flows for 2,911 miles (4,685 km) into the Indian Ocean.

The Largest Island (other than Australia itself): Tasmania, located off the southeastern coast of mainland Australia, covers 26,383 square miles (68,332 square kilometers). Tasmania's tallest peak is Mt. Ossa, which is 5,305 feet (1,617 m) above sea level.

Rainforest: The eastern coast of Australia is covered by lush tropical rainforests. The Great Dividing Range, a mountain range that runs north-south along Australia's eastern coast, causes a lot of rain to fall of the east coast (and blocks rain from the interior of the continent).

Desert: The interior of Australia is covered largely by scrub and desert, called the Outback. The Great Dividing Range, a mountain range that runs north-south along Australia's eastern coast, blocks rain from the interior of the continent.

Largest Monolith: The world's largest monolith, Uluru (formerly called Ayers Rock) is located in central Australia, in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. Uluru is a sacred aboriginal site and a world-famous landmark. It is 348 m tall and is made of sandstone.

Australia's States And Territories:
Place Capital City Largest City Emblems Population (as of 2003) Area Highest point
Australia Canberra Sydney Mammal - Red Kangaroo
Bird - Emu
Flower - Golden Wattle
Gemstone - Opal
19,973,170 2,966,136 sq. miles
7,682,300 sq. km.
Mt. Kosciuszko
7,310 ft.
2,228 m.
Australian Capital Territory Canberra Canberra Bird - Gang Gang Cockatoo
Flower - Royal Bluebell
322,900 2,358 sq. km. Bimberi Peak
1,912 m
New South Wales Sydney Sydney Mammal - Platypus
Bird - Kookaburra
Flower - Waratah
Marine - Blue Groper
6,686,600 309,498 sq. m.
801,60 sq. km.
Mt. Kosciuszko
7,310 ft.
2,228 m.
Victoria Melbourne Melbourne Mammal - Leadbetter's Possum
Bird - Helmeted Honeyeater
Flower - Common (Pink) Heath
Marine - Weedy Seadragon
4,917,400 87,876 sq. mi.
227,600 sq. km.
Mt. Bogong
6,508 ft.
1,984 m.
Queensland Brisbane Brisbane Mammal - Koala
Bird - Brolga
Flower - Cooktown Orchid
Gemstone - Sapphire
3,796,800 666,872 sq. mi.
1,727,200 sq. km.
Mt. Bartle Frere
5,287 ft.
1,611 m.
South Australia Adelaide Adelaide Mammal - Hairy-nosed or Plains Wombat
Bird - Piping Shrike or Magpie
Flower - Sturt's Desert Pea
Marine - Leafy Sea Dragon
Gemstone - Opal
1,527,400 379,922sq. mi.
984,000 sq. km.
Mt. Woodroffe
4,970 ft.
1,515m.
Western Australia Perth Perth Mammal - Numbat
Bird - Black Swan
Flora - Kangaroo Paw
Fossil - Gogo fish
1,952,300 975,096 sq. mi.
2,525,500 sq. km.
Mt. Bruce
4,024 ft.
1,227 m.
Tasmania Hobart Hobart Flora - Tasmanian Blue Gum
Mineral - Crocoite
477,100 26,178 sq. mi.
67,800 sq. km.
Mt. Ossa
5,305 ft.
1,617 m.
Northern Territory
The "Australian Outback"
Darwin Darwin Mammal - Red Kangaroo
Bird - Wedge Tailed Eagle
Flower - Sturt's Desert Rose
198,400 519,768 sq. mi.
1,346,200 sq km.
Mt. Ziel
4,955 ft.
1,510 m.
Place Capital City Largest City Emblems Population (as of 2003) Area Highest point

Related Pages on Australia and Oceania:
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Australia: Follow the Instructions

Color Australia according to simple directions, such as, "Color Victoria dark green." Or go to the answers.
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Australia: Map Quiz Worksheet

A printable quiz on the major geographic features of Australia. The student reads a map to answer 10 geography questions. Or go to the answers.


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Printouts of animals from Australia.


Australia: Tab Book

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Australia: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of Australia to print. Or go to printable activities that require research (using an atlas or other geography reference): a simple map research activity, a medium-level map research activity, or an advanced map research activity.
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Australia Printout: Label Me! Printout

Label the states and capital of Australia.
Answers


Australian States and Territories: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of Australia (with state and territory lines marked) to print.
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Australia: Zoom School

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Connect the dots to draw the borders of a mystery country. Then use a globe or atlas to figure out which country you have drawn. You might want to give students clues, such as that it is in the Southern Hemisphere, or that its name starts with an "A." Answer: Australia.
Geography report thumbnail

Australian State/Territory Report Graphic Organizer Printout #1

This printout helps the student do a short report on an Australian State/Territory, prompting the student to draw a map of the state, locate it on an Australian map, draw the state's flag, and write its capital city, largest city, area, population, highest point, and mammal emblem.
Geography report thumbnail

Australian State/Territory Report Graphic Organizer Printout #2

This printout helps the student do a short report on an Australian State/Territory, prompting the student to draw a map of the state, locate it on an Australian map, draw the state's flag, and write its capital city, largest city, area, population, highest point, mammal emblem, bird emblem, climate, and major industries.
calendar

Australia Quiz
A Worksheet to Print

A short, printable worksheet quiz about Australia. The short-answer worksheet asks general questions about Australia, for example, "Australia is a continent, an island, and a ______." Select the answers from a word bank. Or go to the answers.
Australia: Shape Poem
shape poem

Write a poem about Australia inside the map. Or go to a pdf of the poem worksheet.
Australia: Perimeter Poem
perimeter poem

Write a poem Australia around the perimeter (outer edges) of the map. Or go to a pdf of the poem worksheet.
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Kangaroo Poem - Poetry Prompt

Write a poem about a kangaroo. The lines of the poem begin with: It sees, It hears, It feels, It understands, It moves, It needs, It likes, It wants, It eats, and It dreams.

Flags of Australia and Oceania
Flag of Australia -thumbnail
Australia's Flag
Simple Printable

A blackline master (printout) of the flag of Australia.


Australia: Where I Live

A short activity book on geography to print for early readers. There are pages on the Solar System, the continents, Australia (states and territories), and the student's address.


Australian Rivers: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of Australia's rivers to print.
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Explorers of Australia and Nearby Islands


New Zealand: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of New Zealand to print. Or go to printable worksheets that require research (using an atlas or other geography reference): a simple map research activity, a medium-level map research activity, or an advanced map research activity.
Connect the Dots Mystery Map

New Zealand: Dot to Dot Mystery Map

Connect the dots to draw the borders of a mystery country. Then use a globe or atlas to figure out which country you have drawn. You might want to give students clues, such as the region the country is in (Oceania), that it is in the Southern Hemisphere, or that its name starts with "N." Answer: New Zealand.


New Zealand: Animals

Printouts of animals from New Zealand.
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Oceania/Australia: Label Me! Printout

Label Oceania/Australia.
Answers


Oceania: Outline Map Printout

An outline map of Oceania to print.


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An outline map of Papua New Guinea to print.


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An outline map of the Solomon Islands to print.


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