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Mammals
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ALL ABOUT APES!

Geologic Time Chart
Introduction to Apes Gorilla Chimpanzee Orangutan Gibbon Siamang Classification Activities and Worksheets

All About Apes
Ape Classification

CLASSIFICATION
Apes are classified in the Linnean System as follows:
A cladogram of the greater apes; a branching diagram that depicts species divergence from common ancestors.


THE EVOLUTION OF APES
The earliest-known primates date from about 70 million years ago (Macdonald, 1985). The greater apes (family Pongidae, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and orangutans) split off from the lesser apes (family Hylobatidae, gibbons and siamangs) 20 million years ago.

The chimpanzee is the animal that is closest to people genetically; people and chimps have very similar DNA (about 98% of human and chimpanzee DNA is identical). Genetic studies show that chimpanzees and humans share a common ancestor.


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