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All About Sharks!
Geologic Time Chart
|Introduction to Sharks||Introduction to Rays||Anatomy||Shark and Ray Species||Extreme Sharks||Extinct Sharks||Classification||Shark Glossary||Shark Index||Printables, Worksheets, and Activities|
|ALL ABOUT SHARKS!|
|What is a Shark?||Shark Information Sheets||Shark Printouts to Color||Evolution of Sharks||Extreme Sharks|
The spiny dogfish shark is a small shark that is deep gray with some white spots; the belly is off-white. It had two dorsal fins, each preceded by a mildly poisonous spin. It has a short snout, large eyes and no anal fin.
The smooth teeth are located in rows which rotate into use as needed. The first two rows are used in obtaining prey, the other rows rotate into place as they are needed. As teeth are lost, broken, or worn down, they are replaced by new teeth that rotate into place.
Spiny dogfish sharks average 3-4 feet (0.9-1.2 m) long.
DIET AND FEEDING HABITS
It eats mostly fish (including other sharks), but also eats squid and octopus.
SPINY DOGFISH SHARK ATTACKS
Dogfish are not considered to be dangerous, but some damage could be done by their teeth and their slightly poisonous dorsal fin spines.
Spiny dogfish sharks are gregarious (social) and travel in schools of hundreds to thousands of individuals. These schools are sometimes segregated by sex and age. They are called dogfish because they travel and hunt in packs. They also migrate in schools, following cool waters.
The spiny dogfish shark stays in water that is between 45°F - 59°F (7°C - 15°C). It will venture into brackish waters. Dogfish are mostly bottom-dwellers, dwelling in depths from the surface down to 400 fathoms (2,400 feet).
The spiny dogfish shark is found worldwide in temperate and subarctic waters, in the temperate and subarctic latitudes of the North Atlantic and North Pacific oceans. These sharks have even been found in the Black sea and Mediterranean sea.
The spiny dogfish shark reproduces via aplacental viviparity and bears live young. About 2-11 pups are in each litter, these pups are between 8-12 inches (20-30 cm) long. The gestation period is the longest of any vertebrate, about 18-24 months after a winter mating. This is longer than elephants or whales. Male dogfish reach maturity at 11 years old; female dogfish reach maturity at 19-20 years old.
Migrates to stay in water between 45°F - 59°F (7°C - 15°F).
Estimates of the dogfish's life span range from 25-100 years.
The spiny dogfish shark is very abundant, the most common shark alive.
SPINY DOGFISH SHARK CLASSIFICATION
Kingdom Animalia (animals)
SubPhylum Vertebrata (vertebrates)
Class Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish)
Subclass Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays)
Order Squaliformes (dogfish sharks)
DOGFISH SHARK ACTIVITIES
A K-3 level print-out about the spiny dogfish shark.
A first grade addition activity. Solve the 1-digit addition problems, then do letter substitutions to answer a shark question.
BLACKTIP REEF SHARK
BLUNTNOSE SIXGILL SHARK
BROADNOSE SEVENGILL SHARK
GREAT WHITE SHARK
SPINED PYGMY SHARK
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