|You might also like:||Tornado Glossary||Tornado Alley||Tornado Activities||Tornado||Tornado - Multiple choice comprehension quiz||Today's featured page: Flags of the World Wheel : Printable Activity|
Weather Theme Page for K-3
|Introduction to Tornadoes||Tornado Alley||Tornado Classification||Tornado Glossary||Tornado Activities|
The F-Scale: Wind Speed and Damage
It is not easy to measure wind speed in a tornado. This is because a tornado usually destroys local measuring equipment, and also because tornadoes only exist for a short time at random places and they are gone before meteorologists can study them.
Wind speed is usually measured by a device called an anemometer, which has cups that spin around a vertical axis in the wind (the Beaufort wind scale rates, on a scale of 1 to 12, how strong the wind is). Severe tornadoes, however, can destroy these relatively fragile devices. There are other methods of measuring wind speed (including Doppler radar), but measuring the wind during a tornado is not easily done because tornadoes exist for such a short time. Meteorologists (weather scientists) may not even know about a tornado until after it has dissipated, since tornadoes usually only last for a few minutes and travel for a relatively short distance.
Before 1971, tornadoes were not ranked at all. In 1971, Dr. Theodore Fujita developed a method for categorizing tornadoes by looking at how much damage they cause and using this to estimate the wind speed. This system is called the F-Scale or Fujita Scale; it classifies tornadoes by their estimated wind speed, which is determined by looking at how strong the wind must have been to cause the resulting damage.
Tornadoes are classified into five categories, F-0 through F-5. F-0 tornadoes are the mildest. F-5 tornadoes are the most dangerous (and the rarest).
Dr. Tetsuya Theodore Fujita
Dr. Tetsuya Theodore (Ted) Fujita (Oct. 23, 1920 - Nov. 19, 1998) was a pioneering meteorologist who revolutionized the study of severe storms. Dr. Fujita was the first person to realize that there are multiple vortex tornadoes, downbursts and microbursts. In 1971, Dr. Fujita developed the scale used for measuring wind speed, linking damage to estimated wind speed. This scale is called the Fujita-scale or the F-scale.
Over 35,000 Web Pages
Sample Pages for Prospective Subscribers, or click below
Overview of Site|
Enchanted Learning Home
Monthly Activity Calendar
Books to Print
Parts of Speech
The Test of Time
TapQuiz Maps - free iPhone Geography Game
Biology Label Printouts
Physical Sciences: K-12
Art and Artists
Label Me! Printouts
|Search the Enchanted Learning website for:|
Copyright ©2006-2015 EnchantedLearning.com ------ How to cite a web page