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Label the Neuron
Brain Glossary
Read the definitions, then label the neuron diagram below.

axon - the long extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away from the body of the cell.

axon terminals - the hair-like ends of the axon

cell body - the cell body of the neuron; it contains the nucleus (also called the soma)

dendrites - the branching structure of a neuron that receives messages (attached to the cell body)

myelin sheath - the fatty substance that surrounds and protects some nerve fibers

node of Ranvier - one of the many gaps in the myelin sheath - this is where the action potential occurs during saltatory conduction along the axon

nucleus - the organelle in the cell body of the neuron that contains the genetic material of the cell

Schwann's cells - cells that produce myelin - they are located within the myelin sheath.

neuron anatomy diagram to label

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