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Subtraction WorksheetsGenerate Subtraction Worksheets: One Digit + One Digit, Vertical FormatMath: AdditionGenerate Subtraction Worksheets: One Digit + One DigitGenerate Addition Worksheets: Two Digits + Two Digits, VerticalToday's featured page: Sequencing Cards: Insects



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Subtraction
Subtraction Worksheets

Subtracting Decimals


Subtraction is an operation in which one number is taken away from another number. For example, 4 - 1 = 3 (four minus one equals three). A number minus itself is equal to zero (for example, 3 - 3 = 0). Subtraction is the inverse operation of addition. That is, a + b - b = a. Subtraction is considered to be a binary operation because it is performed on two numbers.

4
-1
3
Minuend
- Subtrahend
Difference


Subtracting:
In subtraction, you start on the right (the ones column), and subtract each column in turn until you are done (subtracting the tens column, then the hundreds column, etc.).

Borrowing:
In a column, if the digit you are subtracting (in the subtrahend) is bigger than the digit you are subtracting from (in the minuend), you have to borrow a one from the next column to the left (the borrowed digit is a ten in the column to the right). When you "borrow" from the digit to the left, you decrease that digit by one.

When you borrow from a digit, what you are doing is breaking that digit into two parts, the 'digit minus one' and the number 'one' (together they add up to the number). The 'digit minus one' part remains in place. The 'one' is added to the column to its right, but in that column, it is worth ten.

Checking Your Answers:
After you have solved a subtraction problem, you check your work by adding your answer to the subtrahend. This should equal the minuend. For example:

Subtraction
Problem:
Check the Answer
by Adding:
10
-2
8
8
+ 2
10


Worksheets:

Generate Printable Subtraction Worksheets:
One Digit - One Digit + One Digit


You can generate printable subtraction worksheets (one page of questions and one page of answers) with 8, 10 or 12 problems. Every time you click, you get a new worksheet, with a new set of questions and answers. For subscribers only.

Generate Printable Subtraction Worksheets:
One Digit - One Digit, Vertical Format


You can generate printable subtraction worksheets (one page of questions and one page of answers) with 16 or 20 problems. Every time you click, you get a new worksheet, with a new set of questions and answers. For subscribers only.


Visual Subtraction: Subtract Groups of Items
Printable Worksheet

Subtract the groups of common items and write the answers.
Subtract bugs or the answers, Subtract flowers or the answers
Subtract food or the answers
Subtract ocean animals or the answers
Subtract pets or the answers.
dominoes

Printable Set of Subtraction Dominoes

Print a set of subtraction dominoes; each tile has subtraction problems on it (for example, 7 - 5). The numbers from zero to ten are used in the subtraction problems and the answers are the numbers from zero to six. In this game the student matches the answers of subtraction problems.
dominoes

Printable Set of Subtraction Dominoes #2

Print a set of subtraction dominoes; each tile has subtraction problems on it (for example, 16 - 7). The numbers from one to twenty-two are used in the subtraction problems and the answers are the numbers from seven to thirteen. In this game the student matches the answers of subtraction problems.

1 Digit Minus 1 Digit
Subtract a one-digit number from another one-digit number - vertical orientation.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.


Subtraction Follow-the-Arrows Puzzles

Do subtraction problems along the paths according to the arrows until you get to the end. You should get to the same final answer three different ways.
Puzzle #1, or the answers
Puzzle #2, or the answers
Puzzle #3, or the answers
Puzzle #4, or the answers
Puzzle #5, or the answers


Word Problems: Subtracting 2 Numbers
Draw a picture or use an equation to help you solve each subtraction problem.

Worksheet #1.
Worksheet #2.
Worksheet #3.
Worksheet #4.
Worksheet #5.
Worksheet #6.
Worksheet #7.
Worksheet #8.


2 Digits Minus 1 Digit
Subtract a one-digit number from a two-digit number - vertical orientation.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.


3 Digits Minus 1 Digit
Subtract a one-digit number from a three-digit number - vertical orientation.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.


2 Digits Minus 2 Digits
Subtract a two-digit number from a two-digit number - vertical orientation.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.


3 Digits Minus 2 Digits
Subtract a two-digit number from a three-digit number - vertical orientation.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #4 (All borrows) --- Go to the answers.


3 Digits Minus 3 Digits
Subtract a three-digit number from a three-digit number - vertical orientation.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 (All borrows) --- Go to the answers.



Subtraction Chart

Write many equations in which a-b=c, like 3-1=2.


Valentine's Day:
Subtract, then Decode the Riddle


Solve the subtraction problems, then use the alphabet code to decode the Valentine's Day riddle, "What do you call a very small valentine?" Answer - A valentiny. Or go to the answers.


Many Ways of Expressing Numbers
Math Graphic Organizers

10 graphic organizers to use to express numbers in different ways, from "2 Ways to Make 2" to "10 Ways to Make 10."


Word Problems: Adding and Subtracting Numbers
Draw a picture or use an equation to help you solve each subtraction problem.

Worksheet #1 Answers: 9-4+3=8, 7+6-3=10, 8-2+3=9.
Worksheet #2 Answers: 13-6+4=11, 15-4+5=16, 10-3+5=12.
Worksheet #3 Answers: 20-4+3=19, 7+6-3=10, 9-2+3=10.
Worksheet #4 Answers: 32+11-3=40, 15-4+8=19, 14-5+8=17.
Worksheet #5 Answers: 32-6+4=30, 8+3-3=8, 13-2+5=16.
Worksheet #6 Answers: 15-4+6=17, 25-6+8=27, 19-4+3=18.
Worksheet #7 Answers: 28-9+5=24, 8+5-4=9, 16-4+6=18.
Worksheet #8 Answers: 24-6+9=27, 21-9+3=15, 31-2+13=42.

Subtracting Decimals



Each worksheet has decimal numbers to subtract.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.

Subtracting Fractions With the Same Denominators

Subtracting Fractions worksheet thumbnail

Subtract the fractions (they have the same denominators).

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.

Subtracting Fractions With Different Denominators

Subtracting Fractions worksheet thumbnail

Subtract the fractions (they have different denominators).

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.

Subtracting Fractions Word Problems

Subtracting Fractions worksheet thumbnail

Solve word problems that involve subtracting fractions. Draw pictures to help solve these word problems.

Worksheet #1 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #2 --- Go to the answers.

Worksheet #3 --- Go to the answers.

In the following activities, the student does simple math problems and then letter substitutions to answer an animal-related question. Click to go to a printable resource.

Dinosaur-related Puzzles
Subtraction of two single-digit numbers:

Game #11
Game #12
Game #13
Game #14
Game #15
Game #16
Game #17
Game #18
Game #19
Game #20

Insect-related Puzzles
Subtraction of two single-digit numbers:

Game #11
Game #12
Game #13
Game #14
Game #15
Game #16
Game #17
Game #18
Game #19
Game #20

Whale-related Puzzles
Subtraction of two single-digit numbers:

Game #11
Game #12
Game #13
Game #14
Game #15
Game #16
Game #17
Game #18

Printable Subtraction Books:


Birthday Party: Subtraction
Printable Book

A short, printable book about subtracting birthday party items, including candles, ice cream cones, balloons, party hats, birthday cards, gifts, juggling balls, lollipops, and candies.


Haunted House: Subtraction
Printable Book

A short, printable book about subtracting Halloween items, including ghosts, witches, bats, skulls, spiders, webs, cats, skeletons and jack-o'-lanterns.


Pumpkin Patch: Subtracting
Printable Book

A short, printable book about subtracting fall items, including pumpkins, scarecrows, apples, ears of corn, webs, leaves, pies and haystacks.


St. Patrick's Day Subtraction Activity Book

A St. Patrick's Day subtraction activity book in which the readers solves a series of subtraction problems and then does a letter substitution in order to answer St. Patrick's Day questions.


Winter Wonders: Subtraction
Printable Book

A short, printable book about subtracting winter items, including snowflakes, snowmen, sleds, mittens, evergreen trees, scarves, earmuffs, caps, and skates.

Subtracting US Coins:
Penny - penny

Subtracting Pennies

Subtract the pennies in these printouts:
Subtracting Pennies: Printout #1
Subtracting Pennies: Printout #2
Subtracting Pennies: Printout #3
Nickels

Subtracting Nickels

Subtract the nickels in these printout:
Subtracting Nickels: Printout #1
Subtracting Nickels: Printout #2
Subtracting Nickels: Printout #3
dime

Subtracting Dimes

Subtract the dimes in these printouts:
Subtracting Dimes #1
Subtracting Dimes #2
Subtracting Dimes #3
quarter

Subtracting Quarters

Subtract the quarters in these printouts:
Subtracting Quarters #1
Subtracting Quarters #2
Subtracting Quarters #3
dollar minus penny

US Dollar Minus Pennies (Printable)

Subtract pennies from a dollar.
dollar minus nickel

US Dollar Minus Nickels (Printable)

Subtract nickels from a dollar.
dollar minus nickel

US Dollar Minus Dimes (Printable)

Subtract dimes from a dollar.
dollar minus quarter

US Dollar Minus Quarters (Printable)

Subtract quarters from a dollar.

St. Patrick's Day Subtraction Activities:


St. Patrick's Day Subtraction Activity Book

A St. Patrick's Day subtraction activity book in which the readers solves a series of subtraction problems and then does a letter substitution in order to answer St. Patrick's Day questions.
map

St. Patrick's Day Color by Number Using Subtraction

Color St. Patrick's Day pictures by solving by solving simple subtraction problems and then coloring by number (Printout #1, Printout #2, Printout #3, Printout #4). For a pdf version of the four subtraction-color by number pages, click here (site members only).

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