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Table of Contents
Enchanted Learning
All About Sharks!

Geologic Time Chart
Introduction to Sharks Introduction to Rays Anatomy Shark and Ray Species Extreme Sharks Extinct Sharks Classification Shark Glossary Shark Index Printables, Worksheets, and Activities

Shark Glossary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U-Z

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If the shark or shark term you are looking for is not in the dictionary, please e-mail us.

I


ICE AGE

An ice age is a time lasting thousands of years during which the Earth is very cold and largely covered by ice and glaciers.

ICHNOFOSSILS

Also known as trace fossils, these are fossilized footprints, nests, dung, gastroliths, etc., but not actual body parts. Ichnofossils record the movement and behavior of animals.


ICHTHYOLOGIST

Ichthyologists are scientists who study fish.


ICHTHYOSAUR

Ichthyosaurs were prehistoric reptiles that lived in the sea.


IGNEOUS ROCK

When molten rock cools, igneous rock is formed.

INDEX FOSSILS

Index fossils are commonly found fossils that are limited in time span. They help in dating other fossils. For example: trilobites were common during the Paleozoic, but not found before the Permian period, and ammonites were common during the Mesozoic Era, but not found after the Cretaceous period.

INSECTS

Insects have exoskeletons and six legs. They evolved during the Silurian Period, 438 to 408 mya, long before dinosaurs or whales existed.

INTERSPECIFIC COMPETITION

Interspecific competition is competition between two different species of organisms (competing for food, territory, etc.).

INTRASPECIFIC COMPETITION

Intraspecific competition is competition among members of a species (competing for food, mates, territory, etc.).


INVERTEBRATE

Invertebrates are animals without a backbone. Some invertebrates include protozoans, arthropods (insects, arachnids, crustaceans, etc.), worms, jellyfish, sponges, mollusks (like cephalopods [octopus], gastropods, bivalves [clams, oysters, scallops]), and many others.


IRIDESCENT SHARK

The iridescent shark, Pangasius sutchi, is not a real shark - it is a type of catfish that superficially resembles a shark. It is a fresh-water fish that can grow to over 4 feet long. The iridescent shark is a popular home aquarium fish, but needs a large tank.

IRIDIUM ANOMALY

Iridium is an element that is rare on the Earth's surface, but abundant on chondritic meteors. The presence of excess Iridium at the K-T layer (the Iridium anomaly) supports the Alvarez asteroid theory.

ISOTOPE

An isotope of an element is another form of the same element, that has a different number of neutrons in the nucleus (giving it a different atomic weight).


IZAK CATSHARK

The Izak catshark, Holohalaelurus regani, is also known as the Izak shark and the shy eye shark. This shark hides its eyes with is tail when it is caught. It has dark brown skin above, with lighter dots and lines. The belly is much lighter. The Izak shark grows to be up to 2 feet (61 cm) long. It has an anal fin, 5 gill slits, 2 dorsal fins, no fin spines, mouth behind the eyes, slit-like pupils, and nictitating eyelids. It is oviparous, laying eggs (3.5 by 1.5 cm) that were internally fertilized. The Izak catshark was named by Gilchrist in 1922. Classification: Order Carcharhiniformes (ground sharks), Family Scyliorhinidae (catsharks), Genus Holohalaelurus, Species H. regani.
Zoom Sharks
Shark Glossary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U-Z

Click on an underlined word for more information on that subject.
If the shark or shark term you are looking for is not in the dictionary, please e-mail us.

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