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Taft, William
William Howard Taft (1857-1930) was the 27th president of the United States. Taft was born on September 15, 1857, in Cincinnati, Ohio. Taft served as US president from 1909 to 1913. Taft ran for a second term, but was defeated by Woodrow Wilson. The flowering cherry trees in Washington, D.C. were given to the US from Japan during Taft's presideny. Eight years after leaving office, Taft was appointed chief justice of the Supreme Court; he retired one month before he died. Taft died on March 8, 1930, in Washington, D.C.
Taylor, Zachary
Zachary Taylor (1784-1850) was the 12th president of the United States. Taylor was born on November 24, 1784, near Barboursville, Virginia. Taylor was a military hero in the War of 1812, the Indian Wars, and in the Mexican War. He served as US president from 1848 until 1850 (only 16 months). He died suddenly in office on July 6, 1850, in Washington, D.C.
Tennessee
Tennessee is a state in the eastern United States of America. Its capital is Nashville.

Tennessee was the 16th state in the USA; it became a state on June 1, 1796.

Tesla, Nikola
Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) was a Serbian-American inventor who developed the radio, fluorescent lights, the Tesla coil (an air-core transformer that generates a huge voltage from high-frequency alternating current), remote control devices, and many other inventions; Tesla held 111 patents. Tesla developed and promoted the uses of alternating current (as opposed to direct current, which was promoted fiercely by Thomas Edison and General Electric). Tesla briefly worked with Thomas Edison. The unit of magnetic induction is named for Tesla; a tesla (abbreviated T) is equal to one weber per square meter.
Texas
Texas is a state in the south central United States of America. Its capital is Austin.

Texas was the 28th state in the USA; it became a state on December 29, 1845.

Thanksgiving Day
Thanksgiving Day is a holiday during which people give thanks. In the USA it is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November. The first Thanksgiving in the USA was a feast in 1620 shared by the Pilgrims (who had recently settled Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts) and the Wampanoag Indians, who shared their food. In Canada, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the second Monday in October.
Thirteen Colonies
There were thirteen (13) British colonies in eastern North America in the 1700's. The colonies revolted against British rule and eventually became the United States of America.
Thompson, David
David Thompson (1770-1857) was a Welsh explorer (born in London, England); Thompson's family name was originally as Tomos. Thompson was also a mapmaker, surveyor, fur trader, and journal writer. . Thompson explored western North America, including what is now western Canada and the western USA. Thompson was the first European to explore the entire length of Columbia River. Thompson's detailed maps of western North America were the first ones made, and were the basis of maps for years to come. Thompson began working as a clerk for the Hudson's Bay Company in 1784. In 1796, Thompson explored Lake Athabasca. In 1797, Thompson joined and become a partner in the North West Company (a rival trapping company). In 1797-1798, Thompson went on an expedition down the Missouri River; he discovered Turtle Lake, one of the headwaters of the Mississippi River, in 1798. In 1807, Thompson crossed the Rocky Mountains and built the first trading post on the Columbia River. From 1818 to 1826, Thomson surveyed the border between Canada and the USA.
Thurman, John
John S. Thurman invented the gasoline powered vacuum cleaner (which he called the "pneumatic carpet renovator") in 1899. His vacuum was patented on Oct. 3, 1899 (patent #634,042). It may have been the first motorized vacuum cleaner. Thurman had a run a horse drawn, door-to-door carpet vacuuming service in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, charging $4 per visit (which was a large amount of money at the time).
Time Zones
The contiguous US is divided into four time zones. Time zones were first used in 1883 by railroads in order to standardize their schedules.
Tombaugh, Clyde
Clyde Tombaugh (1906-1997) was an American astronomer who discovered Pluto in 1930. He also correctly predicted (in 1950) that the surface of Mars was covered with craters.
Truman, Harry S.
Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) was the 33rd president of the United States. Truman was born on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri. After FDR died in office (In 1945), Truman became presidency. He served from 1945 to 1953. In 1945 Truman authorized dropping two atomic bombs on Japan, ending World War II. Truman won the next election for office, although it had been widely predicted that he would lose. In 1950 he sent troops to South Korea (to help protect against invading communuist North Korean troops), starting the Korean War. Truman died on December 26, 1972, in Kansas City, Missouri.
Trump, Donald
Donald Trump (born in New York on June 14, 1946) became the 45th President of the United States in 2017. His Vice President is Michael Pence. Previously known as a business tycoon and reality TV star, Trump's celebrity translated to politics when he successfully ran for the Presidency in the 2016 election as a Republican. This was his first elected office. Trump earned an economics degree from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1968, and he then entered the family business of real estate development.

Truth, Sojourner
Sojourner Truth (1797?-1883) was an American preacher who dedicated her life to fighting for for civil and human rights. She was born a slave in New York State, but was freed in 1827. After becoming a preacher, she campaigned for the abolition of slavery and for women's rights. During the US Civil War, she helped black Union soldiers obtain supplies and also worked as a counselor for the National Freedon Relief Association.

Tubman, Harriet
Tubman
Harriet Tubman (1820 - 1913) escaped slavery in Maryland in 1849 and traveled north. Mrs. Tubman devoted her life to fighting slavery and championing the rights of women. She then helped hundreds of other slaves flee to the north to freedom via the Underground Railroad. Mrs. Tubman helped John Brown recruit soldiers for his raid on Harpers Ferry (1859). She spied for the Union during the US Civil War (in South Carolina). After the war, she lived in Auburn, New York, and founded the Harriet Tubman Home for Aged Negroes.

For more information on Harriet Tubman, click here.

Twain, Mark
Mark Twain (November 30, 1835 - April 21, 1910) was a very popular American writer and humorist whose real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Clemens grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, by the Mississippi River. Early in his career, Clemens worked as a printer's apprentice and as a riverboat captain on the Mississippi River. During his riverboat work, he learned the term "mark twain," which means "two fathoms," a safe depth for navigation (about 12 feet deep). He adopted this phrase as his pen name.

Twain wrote numerous articles and stories for newspapers, and many books. Some of his most famous books are Tom Sawyer (1876) and Huckleberry Finn (1884). Twain was born in a year in which Halley's comet was visible. Twain joked, "I came in with Halley's Comet in 1835. It is coming again next year, and I expect to go out with it." He did die in 1910, the year the comet returned.


Tyler, John
John Tyler (1790-1862) was the tenth president of the United States, Tyler was born on March 29, 1790, in Charles City County, Virginia. He was the first vice president to become the president after the current president (William Harrison's) died in office. Tyler served for one term, 1841 until 1845. His most important achievement was signing a joint resolution that annexed Texas as a US state; this happened three days before he left office.

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