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U

Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad was a secret system of people (both black and white) and places that helped escaped slaves travel north to freedom. (It was not actually a railroad, but the people involved in it used railroad terms to describe their actions. For example, conductors were people who traveledwith slaves along their route.) The Underground Railroad's routh extended from the northern US states to Canada. In Canada, escaped slaves could no be re-captured by their "owners" -- in the northern, free US states, "owners" could legally re-capture their slaves. It is estimated that about 100,000 slaves escaped to freedom using the Underground Railroad.
United States of America
The United States of America is a country in North America. There are 50 states in the United States of America.
US ConstitutionU.S. Constitution
The Constitution of the United States is a document that outlines the basis of the federal (national) government of the USA. It was written in 1787 at the "Constitutional Convention," held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in what we now call Independence Hall. The 55 men at the convention are called the "Founding Fathers" of the USA, and are also known as the "Framers of the Constitution." Some of the more famous of the framers are George Washington (the first President of the USA), James Madison (the fourth President of the USA), Benjamin Franklin, and Alexander Hamilton.

The US Constitution was ratified (approved) by nine states (Delaware was the first state to ratify it), and went into effect on June 21, 1788 (it was later ratified by the remaining states). It replaced the earlier set of government rules, the Articles of Confederation, which were the law of the land from 1781 until 1788 (this document created a group of semi-independent states plus a weak national Congress, with neither an Executive nor a Judicial branch).

US Money
US money includes many coins (the cent 1¢, the nickel 5¢, the dime 10¢, the quarter 25¢, fifty cents 50¢, the dollar coin 100¢) and paper bills ($1.00, $2.00, $10.00, $20.00, $50.00, $100.00). One dollar is worth one hundred US cents.
US riversUS Rivers
The USA has over 250,000 rivers, with a total of about 3,500,000 miles of rivers. The longest river in the USA is the Missouri River (it is a tributary of the Mississippi River and is 2,540 miles long), but the biggest in terms of water volume is the deeper Mississippi River. The longest undammed river in the contiguous USA is the Yellowstone River (it is 692 miles long).

There are many other rivers in the US, including the Yukon River, the Rio Grande, the St. Lawrence River, the Arkansas River, the Colorado River, the Red River, the Brazos, River, the Columbia River, the Snake River, and others.

US State Areas
The largest US state in terms of area is Alaska (656,425 square miles); the smallest is Rhode Island (1,545 square miles).
US State Birds
Each of the 50 US states has an official state bird. The bald eagle is the national bird of the USA.
StegosaurusUS State Dinosaurs
Many US states have an official state dinosaur and some have a state fossil.
US State Flags
Each of the 50 US states has an official state flag.
US State Population
The largest US state in terms of population is California (33,871,648 people, 2000 Census figure); the smallest is Wyoming (493,782 people, 2000 Census figure).
Utah
Utah is a state in the western United States of America. Its capital is Salt Lake City.

Utah was the 45th state in the USA; it became a state on January 4, 1896.

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