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All About Birds
Dark-eyed Junco
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The dark-eyed junco, Junco hyemalis, is a small North American bird that lives in coniferous or mixed forests, from Mexico to Newfoundland to Alaska. This perching bird winters in city parks and fields. There are different forms of this bird, including the Oregon Junco, the White-winged Junco, and the Slate-colored Junco; they belong to the same species (and often interbreed).

Anatomy: The junco is 5 to 6 1/2 inches (13-16 cm) long. The feathers are dark gray above and white below; the outer tail feathers are white (mostly seen during flight).

Diet: Juncos mostly eat seeds, but also eat insects.

Nest and Eggs: Juncos nest on or near the forest floor; nests are open cups made from grass, moss and bark. Females lay 3-5 pale green eggs in each clutch (a set of eggs laid at one time). The incubation period is 12 to 13 days.

Classification: Kingdom Animalia (animals), phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves (birds), order Passeriformes, family Fringillidae, genus Junco, species J. hyemalis.

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