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All About Birds
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
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The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is a small bird that lives throughout eastern North America. Its scientific name is Archilochus colubris (Genus and species). These beautiful birds migrate south to Mexico in winter to find food. They can fly forwards and also hover in mid-air. Their tiny wings beat about 55 to 75 times each second!

Anatomy: The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is about 3 1/2 inches (8 cm) long. The male has bright red throat feathers (called a gorget) and metallic-green feathers on the top of the body with whitish feathers below. The female is mostly brownish on top and whitish on the bottom; her tail is rounded and edged in white.

Diet: Ruby-throated Hummingbirds sip sweet nectar from flowers and eat some tiny bugs.

Nest and Eggs: Ruby-throated Hummingbirds make their tiny nests from lichens, spider webs, and plant down (fluffy seed coverings). Females lay two white eggs in each clutch (a set of eggs laid at one time).

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