Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577- May 30, 1640) was a major Flemish baroque painter.
One of Rubens’ most well-known works, drawn in 1621, shows his first wife, Isabella Brant. Brant was a frequent subject of her husband’s paintings. This intimate portrait has immortalized her in a sketch drawn from colored chalk (Rubens’ trois crayons technique). More formal paintings later were based off this model. Unfortunately, Brant died of the plague soon after, in 1626.