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John Quincy Adams
|Presidents of the USA|
John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767-February 23, 1848) was the sixth President of the USA, serving from 1825 to 1829. His Vice-President was John Calhoun. As President, Adams' political party was "National Republican." John Quincy Adams' father, John Adams, was the second president of the United States.
John Quincy Adams was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, on July 11, 1767. His father was a farmer. Adams graduated from Harvard University in 1787, and went on to become a lawyer in Boston, Massachusetts.
President James Madison appointed Adams as Minister to the Netherlands (1789). In 1797, Adams married Louisa Catherine Johnson (1775-1852). They had three sons, and also a daughter who died in infancy. Adams was elected senator from Massachusetts in 1802. In 1808, Madison appointed Adams as Minister to Russia. Adams later helped negotiate the treaty that ended the War of 1812 (which was fought with Britain). Adams then became Madison's Secretary of State. He later negotiated the treaty with Canada that placed the US-Canadian border west of the Great Lakes at the 49th parallel (from what is now northwestern Minnesota to Washington state). Adams soon negotiated with Spain, obtaining a treaty that returned Florida to the USA. Adams also helped draft the Monroe Doctrine, which stopped any future European colonization of North and South America.
Adams won the presidency in 1824, beating Andrew Jackson. Adams' term was a time of prosperity in the United States. Road and canal building (including the Erie Canal, which connected New York City and the Great Lakes) were accelerated.
Adams lost the next presidential election (which Jackson won). Adams then served in the House of Representatives until his death (from 1831 until 1848). In Congress, Adams fought against the "gag rule" that prevented the discussion of slavery in Congress (the gag rule had been passed in 1836). The "gag rule" was repealed in 1844.
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