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ALL ABOUT BUTTERFLIES!
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GARDEN TIGER MOTH
The Garden Tiger (Arctia caja), also known as the Great Tiger Moth, is a common moth that is has a 1.8-2.8 inch (4.5-7 cm) wingspan. Its caterpillar, the black woolly bear, has long black hairs on top and rust-colored hairs on the underside. It is found in Europe and Asia in temperate regions, and less frequently in the Canada and Northern USA. Family Arctiidae.
In classification, a genus is a group of related or similar organisms. A genus contains one or more species. A group of similar genera (the plural of genus) forms a family. In the scientific name of an organism, the first name is its genus (for example, people are Homo sapiens - our genus is Homo).
The history of the earth is described in geological time, which is measured in millions of years and billions of years. The divisions used are: eon, era, period, and epoch.
GIANT SWALLOWTAIL BUTTERFLY
The giant swallowtail butterfly, also called the orangedog butterfly (Papilio cresphontes) is a large black and yellow butterfly with a yellow body. Eggs are tiny, yellow and circular. The caterpillar, which looks a bit like a small, black, white, and brown snake, is considered a pest (because it eats many agricultural species, including orange tree leaves). The chrysalis is brown. This butterfly lives in much of North America. Classification: Family Papilionidae (swallowtail butterflies), Genus Papilio, Species P. cresphontes.
The girdle is a silken thread that a caterpillar wraps around its body as a support, attaching the larva to a twig or leaf as it is about to enter the pupa stage.
The golden birdwing, Ornithoptera aeacus, is a large butterfly is from southeast Asia (including Thailand, the Himalayas, Tibet, Burma, Sikkim, and southern China). It has a wingspan of 120 mm to 190 mm. A swallowtail and a birdwing, it is gold with a black body, veins and markings. The caterpillar eats Aritolochia griffithi. Ornithoptera aeacus was named by C. & R. Felder, in 1860.
GOLIATH BIRDWING BUTTERFLY
The Goliath Birdwing (Ornithoptera goliath) is the second-largest butterfly in the world. This brightly-colored butterfly is poisonous and has a wingspan up to 11 inches (28 cm) wide. It has black, yellow and green wings and a yellow and black body. This butterfly in found in tropical forests in Indonesia. Family Papilionidae
The gossamar-winged butterflies (family Lycaenidae) include the hairstreaks, coppers, blues, and harvesters. They are small butterflies - some have a tail-like projection on the bottom of the hind wings (hence their name - hairstreak). Males have reduced forelegs. The undersides of the wings are speckled. The caterpillars are slug-like.
Gymnosperms are seed-bearing plants that that don't produce flowers. They release pollen into the air to the female ovule, causing fertilization. Their seeds develop without a protective covering. The earliest gymnosperms were seed ferns from the Devonian period (408-360 million years ago). Conifers (like pines, redwoods, and gingkos), and cycads are gymnosperms.
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