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ALL ABOUT BUTTERFLIES!
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Papilio ulysses, also known as the Ulysses butterfly, the Blue Mountain Swallowtail, the Blue Emperor, and the Mountain Blue, is a spectacular Australian butterfly. The male is an iridescent blue-green with a dark background. The female is more subdued in color. They have a wingspan of about 5.5 inches (14 cm). Both have a long "swallowtail." Males are attracted to most blue objects (mistaking them for females). There are 16 known subspecies.
The uncus is the hook-shaped, downward-pointing end of the vein on the wing of male butterflies and moths.
The understory of a rainforest is a dark, cool environment under the tree leaves (the canopy) but over the forest floor.
UNION JACK BUTTERFLY
The Union Jack (Delias mysis) is an Australian butterfly that lives in tropical rainforests of northern Queensland. This butterfly is mostly white, with black, red and yellow markings on the undersides of the wings. The wing span is about 7 cm. Females have more dark markings. The host plant is mistletoe, where females lay clusters of eggs. The caterpillars are green and covered with long, fine hairs and a black head. The yellow pupa is attaches itself to the bottom of a leaf with a silken thread. Classification: family Pieridae (whites and sulphurs).
The Urania moth (also called the sunset moth) is an iridescent moth that is active during the day (unlike most moths). This migratory insect lives in tropical rainforests. The 3 inch wide wings are blue, gold-green, yellow-cream, and red-orange, with black bands and spots. The lower hind wings have many short "tails." The body is chubby and the antennae are feathered. Classification: Family Uraniidae (swallowtail moths), Genus Urania, many species: U. riphaeus (from Madagascar, an island off the southeast coast of Africa), U. leilus (from Peru), U. fulgens (from Mexico, Belize), U. croesus (from Tanzania), U. sloanus (from Jamaica).
URQUHART, FRED A.
Dr. Fred A. Urquhart (1911- ) is a Canadian scientist who has studied butterflies (Monarchs in particular). Dr. Urquhart was the first person to tag a monarch butterfly, beginning in 1937. In 1975, Dr. Urquhart determined that some groups of monarchs overwinter in the transvolcanic mountains of Mexico, undertaking a migration of 2,000 miles that takes up to three generations to finish. Urquhart's collaborators included his wife Norah, and Cathy and Ken Brugger. For more infroamtion see Urquhart's book, "The Monarch Butterfly: International Traveler ."
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