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Dinosaur Fact Sheets
Pteranodon Fact Sheet
Go to a Printable Version
Dinosaur/Paleontology Dictionary
NAME: Meaning - Pteranodon means "Winged and Toothless"
Pronounced - ter-AN-o-DON
Named By - Othniel C. Marsh
When Named - 1876
DIET: Carnivore (meat-eater) - Pteranodon probably ate mostly fish
SIZE: Wingspan - 25-33 foot (7.8-10 m) long
Standing Height - 6 ft (1.8 m) tall at the hips
Weight - 55 pounds (25 kg)
WHEN IT LIVED: Late Cretaceous period, about 85-75 million years ago.
WHERE IT LIVED: Fossils have been found in Kansas, USA, North America and in England, Europe.
FOSSILS: Many Pteranodon fossils have been found. The first Pteranodon skull was found on May 2, 1876, in Smoky Hill River, Wallace County, Kansas, USA. by S. W. Williston, a fossil collector working for Othniel Marsh.
  • Kingdom Animalia (animals)
  • Phylum Chordata (having a hollow nerve chord ending in a brain)
  • Superclass Tetrapoda (four-legged animals)
  • Class Archosauria (diapsids with socket-set teeth, etc.)
  • Order Pterosauria - (flying reptiles)
  • Suborder Pterodactyloidea ("wing finger") - later pterosaurs that appeared late in the Jurassic and died in the K-T extinction, 65 million years ago. They had short tails. Examples include Pterodactylus, Pteranodon, and Quetzalcoatlus.
  • Family Pteranodontidae
  • Genus Pteranodon
  • Species P. longiceps (type species named by Othniel C. Marsh, 1876)
Pteranodon was a flying reptile that lived during the time of the dinosaurs - it was not a dinosaur, but was a close relative of the dinosaurs. Pteranodon's wing-span is longer than that of any known bird. It had a crest on its head, no teeth at all, and a very short tail.

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