Dinosaur and Paleontology Dictionary
Assuming that smarter animals have larger brains to body ratios than less intelligent ones, this helps determine the relative intelligence of extinct animals. In general, warm-blooded animals (like mammals and birds) have a higher EQ than cold-blooded ones (like amphibians, reptiles and bony fish). Birds and mammals have brains that are about 10 times bigger than those of bony fish, amphibians, and reptiles of the same body size.
The primitive dinosaurs belonging to the group sauropodomorpha (which included Massospondylus, Riojasaurus, and others) were among the least intelligent of the dinosaurs, with an EQ of about 0.05. The troodontids (including Troodon) and dromaeosaurid dinosaurs (the "raptors," which included Dromeosaurus, Velociraptor, Deinonychus, and others) had the highest EQ among the dinosaurs, about 5.8.
Reference: Hopson, J. A. 1980, Relative brain size in dinosaurs - implications for dinosaurian endothermy, pp. 287-310 , American Association for the Advancement of Science Symposium no. 28.
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