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 More Math Activities EnchantedLearning.comSubtraction Subtraction WorksheetsSubtracting Decimals

Subtraction is an operation in which one number is taken away from another number. For example, 4 - 1 = 3 (four minus one equals three). A number minus itself is equal to zero (for example, 3 - 3 = 0). Subtraction is the inverse operation of addition. That is, a + b - b = a. Subtraction is considered to be a binary operation because it is performed on two numbers.

 4-13 Minuend- SubtrahendDifference

Subtracting:
In subtraction, you start on the right (the ones column), and subtract each column in turn until you are done (subtracting the tens column, then the hundreds column, etc.).

Borrowing:
In a column, if the digit you are subtracting (in the subtrahend) is bigger than the digit you are subtracting from (in the minuend), you have to borrow a one from the next column to the left (the borrowed digit is a ten in the column to the right). When you "borrow" from the digit to the left, you decrease that digit by one.

When you borrow from a digit, what you are doing is breaking that digit into two parts, the 'digit minus one' and the number 'one' (together they add up to the number). The 'digit minus one' part remains in place. The 'one' is added to the column to its right, but in that column, it is worth ten.

After you have solved a subtraction problem, you check your work by adding your answer to the subtrahend. This should equal the minuend. For example:

Worksheets:
 Generate Printable Subtraction Worksheets:One Digit - One Digit = One DigitYou can generate printable subtraction worksheets (one page of questions and one page of answers) with 8, 10 or 12 problems. Every time you click, you get a new worksheet, with a new set of questions and answers. For subscribers only. Generate Printable Subtraction Worksheets:One Digit - One Digit, Vertical FormatYou can generate printable subtraction worksheets (one page of questions and one page of answers) with 16 or 20 problems. Every time you click, you get a new worksheet, with a new set of questions and answers. For subscribers only.

In the following activities, the student does simple math problems and then letter substitutions to answer an animal-related question. Click to go to a printable resource.

 Dinosaur-related Puzzles Subtraction of two single-digit numbers: Insect-related PuzzlesSubtraction of two single-digit numbers: Whale-related PuzzlesSubtraction of two single-digit numbers:

Printable Subtraction Books:
 Birthday Party: SubtractionPrintable BookA short, printable book about subtracting birthday party items, including candles, ice cream cones, balloons, party hats, birthday cards, gifts, juggling balls, lollipops, and candies. Haunted House: SubtractionPrintable BookA short, printable book about subtracting Halloween items, including ghosts, witches, bats, skulls, spiders, webs, cats, skeletons and jack-o'-lanterns. Pumpkin Patch: SubtractingPrintable BookA short, printable book about subtracting fall items, including pumpkins, scarecrows, apples, ears of corn, webs, leaves, pies and haystacks. St. Patrick's Day Subtraction Activity BookA St. Patrick's Day subtraction activity book in which the readers solves a series of subtraction problems and then does a letter substitution in order to answer St. Patrick's Day questions. Winter Wonders: SubtractionPrintable BookA short, printable book about subtracting winter items, including snowflakes, snowmen, sleds, mittens, evergreen trees, scarves, earmuffs, caps, and skates.

Subtracting US Coins:
 Subtracting PenniesSubtract the pennies in these printouts:Subtracting Pennies: Printout #1Subtracting Pennies: Printout #2Subtracting Pennies: Printout #3 Subtracting NickelsSubtract the nickels in these printout:Subtracting Nickels: Printout #1Subtracting Nickels: Printout #2Subtracting Nickels: Printout #3 Subtracting DimesSubtract the dimes in these printouts:Subtracting Dimes #1Subtracting Dimes #2Subtracting Dimes #3 Subtracting QuartersSubtract the quarters in these printouts:Subtracting Quarters #1Subtracting Quarters #2Subtracting Quarters #3 US Dollar Minus Pennies (Printable)Subtract pennies from a dollar. US Dollar Minus Nickels (Printable)Subtract nickels from a dollar. US Dollar Minus Dimes (Printable)Subtract dimes from a dollar. US Dollar Minus Quarters (Printable)Subtract quarters from a dollar.

St. Patrick's Day Subtraction Activities:
 St. Patrick's Day Subtraction Activity BookA St. Patrick's Day subtraction activity book in which the readers solves a series of subtraction problems and then does a letter substitution in order to answer St. Patrick's Day questions. St. Patrick's Day Color by Number Using SubtractionColor St. Patrick's Day pictures by solving by solving simple subtraction problems and then coloring by number (Printout #1, Printout #2, Printout #3, Printout #4). For a pdf version of the four subtraction-color by number pages, click here (site members only).

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