Australia, nicknamed the “Land Down Under,”, is a country, an island and a continent. It is the world’s smallest continent and the sixth-largest country. It is located in the Southern Hemisphere, between the Indian Ocean and the Southern Pacific Ocean.. This continent-country-island has an area of 2,966,368 square miles (7,682,300 square kilometers).
- Australia has a population about 20 million people. Most of Australia’s population lives on the fertile plains of the eastern and southeastern coasts. The interior of Australia (called the Outback) is dry with many deserts.
- Government and Economy
- The Commonwealth of Australia is a democracy (leaders are elected by the adult population) but it recognizes the monarch of Great Britain as sovereign (the Queen of England has the title “Chief of State” and performs ceremonial duties). Australia has a strong, modern economy. Its monetary unit is the Australian dollar.
- Largest Cities
- Sydney is the largest city in Australia; it has over 3,935,000 people. Other large cities include Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, and Newcastle.
The Great Barrier Reef
Off the eastern coast of Queensland is the Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef on Earth. This warm, clear, shallow ocean habitat is over 1,000 miles long, and is home to many animals and plants, including corals, sea anemones, sea stars, fish (including sharks), sea slugs, giant clams, seaweed, and many other organisms.
- The Tallest Mountain
- Australia’s tallest peak is Mount Kosciuszko, which is 7,310 feet (2,228 m) tall. Mount Kosciuszko is located in southeastern Australia, near Canberra, in the Great Dividing Range.
- The Lowest Point
- Lake Eyre is Australia’s lowest point. It is 53 feet (16 m) below sea level. Lake Eyre is located in South Australia.
- The Largest Body of Water
- Lake Eyre is Australia’s largest body of water - it is a salt water lake that covers over 3,430 square miles (8,884-9,500 square kilometes), although it is generally dry. Lake Eyre is located in South Australia.
- The Longest River
- Australia’s longest river is the Murray-Darling River, in New South Wales, which flows for 2,911 miles (4,685 km) into the Indian Ocean.
- The Largest Island (other than Australia itself)
- Tasmania, located off the southeastern coast of mainland Australia, covers 26,383 square miles (68,332 square kilometers). Tasmania’s tallest peak is Mt. Ossa, which is 5,305 feet (1,617 m) above sea level.
- The eastern coast of Australia is covered by lush tropical rainforests. The Great Dividing Range, a mountain range that runs north-south along Australia’s eastern coast, causes a lot of rain to fall of the east coast (and blocks rain from the interior of the continent).
- The interior of Australia is covered largely by scrub and desert, called the Outback. The Great Dividing Range, a mountain range that runs north-south along Australia’s eastern coast, blocks rain from the interior of the continent.
- Largest Monolith
- The world’s largest monolith, Uluru (formerly called Ayers Rock) is located in central Australia, in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. Uluru is a sacred aboriginal site and a world-famous landmark. It is 348 m tall and is made of sandstone.
States And Territories
|Place||Capital City||Largest City||Emblems||Population (as of 2003)||Area||Highest point|
|Australia||Canberra||Sydney||Mammal - Red Kangaroo
Bird - Emu
Flower - Golden Wattle
Gemstone - Opal
|19,973,170||2,966,136 sq. miles
7,682,300 sq. km.
|Australian Capital Territory||Canberra||Canberra||Bird - Gang Gang Cockatoo
Flower - Royal Bluebell
|322,900||2,358 sq. km.||Bimberi Peak
|New South Wales||Sydney||Sydney||Mammal - Platypus
Bird - Kookaburra
Flower - Waratah
Marine - Blue Groper
|6,686,600||309,498 sq. m.
801,60 sq. km.
|Victoria||Melbourne||Melbourne||Mammal - Leadbetter’s Possum
Bird - Helmeted Honeyeater
Flower - Common
Marine - Weedy Seadragon
|4,917,400||87,876 sq. mi.
227,600 sq. km.
|Queensland||Brisbane||Brisbane||Mammal - Koala
Bird - Brolga
Flower - Cooktown Orchid
Gemstone - Sapphire
|3,796,800||666,872 sq. mi.
1,727,200 sq. km.
|Mt. Bartle Frere
|South Australia||Adelaide||Adelaide||Mammal - Hairy-nosed or Plains Wombat
Bird - Piping Shrike or Magpie
Flower - Sturt’s Desert Pea
Marine - Leafy Sea Dragon
Gemstone - Opal
984,000 sq. km.
|Western Australia||Perth||Perth||Mammal - Numbat
Bird - Black Swan
lora - Kangaroo Paw
Fossil - Gogo fish
|1,952,300||975,096 sq. mi.
2,525,500 sq. km.
|Tasmania||Hobart||Hobart||Flora - Tasmanian Blue Gum
Mineral - Crocoite
|477,100||26,178 sq. mi.
67,800 sq. km.
The “Australian Outback”
|Darwin||Darwin||Mammal - Red Kangaroo
Bird - Wedge Tailed Eagle
Flower - Sturt’s Desert Rose
|198,400||519,768 sq. mi.
1,346,200 sq km.
Australia - Follow the Instructions: A printout about Australia and maps for young readers.
Australia: Map Quiz Worksheet.
Australian Animal Printouts.
book on Australia, A Printable Book. Print out a fluent reader book oaboutn Australia.
Outline Map Australia: A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students.
Label Australia Printout.
Outline Map Australia with States and Territory Lines: A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students.
ZOOM SCHOOL Australia. Zoom School is an on-line elementary-school classroom. Subject links include geography, science activities, stories, history, crafts, animals, art, time information, and games, all related to a theme.
Dot to Dot Mystery Map. Connect the dots to draw the borders of a mystery country. Then use a globe or atlas to figure out which country you have drawn. Answer: This is a map of Australia.
Australian State/Territory Report Diagram Printout #2: Thiss chart is used to write a short Australian state report, including a hand-drawn map and flag, capital city, area, population, etc.
Australian State/Territory Report Diagram Printout #1: Thiss chart is used to write a short Australian state report, including a hand-drawn map and flag, capital city, area, population, etc.
Australia Quiz Worksheet: Answer a few questions about Australia.
Australia: Shape Poem - Printable Worksheet. Write a poem about Australia inside the map.
Australia: Perimeter Poem - Printable Worksheet. Write a poem around the perimeter (outer edges) of the map.
Kangaroo Poem - Write a poem about a kangaroo. The lines of the poem begin with: It sees, It hears, It feels, It understands, It moves, It needs, It likes, It wants, It eats, and It dreams.
World Flags: Australia and Oceania - A collection of flag printouts, and activities for students.
Flag of Australia: Color the flag of Australia.
Make a Where I Live: Australia. Early Reader Book.
Outline Map Australian Rivers: A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students.
Explorers of Australia.
Outline Map of New Zealand. A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students.
Dot to Dot Mystery Map. Connect the dots to draw the borders of a mystery country. Then use a globe or atlas to figure out which country you have drawn. Answer: This is a map of New Zealand.
New Zealand Animal Printouts.
Label Oceania/Australia using the word bank in this printable worksheet.
Outline Map Oceania: A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students.
Outline Map of the Papua New Guinea. A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students.
Outline Map of the Solomon Islands. A collection of geography pages, printouts, and activities for students.